PySCard 2.0.7 released

I just released a new version 2.0.7 of pyscard. PySCard is a python module adding smart cards support (PC/SC) to Python.

The PySCard project is available at:



    2.0.7 (March 2023)

    • do not include the generated HTML documentation in the archive

    2.0.6 (March 2023)

    • handle SCARD_E_NO_SERVICE on Windows (on last reader removal)
    • add support of MSYS2/mingw environment on Windows
    • improve documentation
    • minor changes

    FAQ: wintypes.h or winscard.h not found

    One of the most popular search requests that bring people on my website is about wintypes.h not found.


    For example you try to compile something and get the error:

    smartcard/scard/helpers.c:28:10: fatal error: winscard.h: No such file or directory
     #include <winscard.h>


    The PC/SC header files (winscard.h, wintypes.h and some others) are provided by the development pcsclite package.

    • for Debian, Ubuntu or derivatives the package is pcsclite-dev
    • for Red Hat, Fedora and derivatives the package is pcsc-lite-devel
    • for other Unixes, use your favourite search engine 😜

    You install the correct package and you try again to build your software.


    I hope this blog article will be correctly indexed by search engines to help people find the solution.

    New version of libccid: 1.5.2

    I just released version 1.5.2 of libccid the Free Software CCID class smart card reader driver. 


    1.5.2 - 31 January 2023, Ludovic Rousseau

    • Add support of
      • LDU LANDI
      • Sensyl SSC-HV Reader
      • TOKEN2 MFA NFC Reader
      • TOKEN2 Molto2
      • Thales RF Reader
    • Alcor Micro AU9560: Remove high speeds since they are not supported
    • Hack for AlcorMicro AU9560 and Acos-ID card
    • disable the use of --disable-usbdropdir


    PC/SC tools projects moved to

    For historical reasons some projects I maintain are still hosted at my "personal" page in the My computer programs page.

    They are:

    • ifd-GemPC: serial GemPC 410 and USB GemPC 430 reader drivers.
    • pcsc-perl: wrapper to use PC/SC in Perl.
    • pcsc-tools: some tools to be used with smart cards and PC/SC.

    Why the change?

    My personal pages, hosted by my ISP (Internet Service Provider), are still not using https. I have no access to the web server so I can't change that.

    The new pages will be independent from the ISP. The projects will use a DNS name I maintain myself.

    According to the Internet Archive the "My computer programs" page exists since August 2001. I don't think the personal pages hosted by Free will disappear soon, but who knows. Maybe Elon Musk will buy Iliad (parent company of Free) and... anything can happen next.

    I will be able to get some access statistics, in particular for the file smartcard_list.txt containing the list of ATRs used by the pcsc_scan tool.

    Now hosts

    The projects are now in subdomains of They are at:

    The old pages redirect to the new web sites.

    The URL is used by (old) versions of ATR_analysis used by pcsc_scan. This file will be maintained up to date for the next months/years.


    I continue my migration to self-hosting. Thanks to all the sponsors that allow me to do that.

    Github sponsor: 2022 status

    Since January 2020 I am part of the Github sponsors program. See my previous articles: GitHub Sponsors, GitHub Sponsors: first payment and GitHub Sponsors: US$ 20 per month.

    I wanted to update you about the years 2021 and 2022.

    Public data

    My Github sponsor page is available at Become a sponsor to Ludovic Rousseau.

    You can see that I currently have 7 sponsors, and 4 past sponsors. A big thank you to all of them.

    The amount of money is not public. That is why I wrote the next chapter.

    Private data

    In 2022 I received a total of 628 €. Compared to 394 € in 2021 that is an increase of 59%.

    The amount I receive monthly is slowly growing since 2021.

    To be fully transparent to my sponsors and everybody else (full disclosure?) I publish below the monthly results since the beginning of the experience:

    It is far from a full time salary. But that is enough to pay for the infrastructure I use to host my different web sites.


    Again a big thank you to my present and past sponsors.

    If you want to help and become a sponsor then go to Become a sponsor to Ludovic Rousseau.

    Happy new year 2023

    Dear readers,

    I wish you a happy new year for 2023.

    In 2022 I published 32 articles on this blog.


    Audience in 2022

     You can notice a spike around 17th December. That is the article "AlcorMicro AU9560 reader and fast smart cards: help from crowd needed". I added the article URL in different bug reports so it gained some extra visibility.

    Again, a large part of the audience comes from the United States.


    Surprisingly, a large part of the audience uses Windows.

    For a blog that talks about Free Software that is strange. I guess Windows users are interested by my projects that are also available on Windows like PySCard or PyKCS11.

    Or maybe Windows developers are looking for serious information they do not find elsewhere like sample codes to use PC/SC in an application?

    Most read articles

    The post number one, by far, is about the AlcorMicro AU9560 (bogus) reader.


    Thank you to you, readers.

    This blog has no advertising. If you want to support me you can become a github sponsor (or send me some bitcoins but with the current electric energy crisis and bitcoin impact on the climate it may not be a good choice).

    New version of pcsc-tools: 1.6.1

     I just released a new version of pcsc-tools, a suite of tools for PC/SC. 


    1.6.1 - 30 December 2022, Ludovic ROUSSEAU

    • 196 new ATRs
    • use colors on NetBSD ("wsvt25" terminal)
    • pcsc_scan: always print the version in verbose mode

    PySCard (smartcard Python wrapper) API documentation update

    The documentation for the PySCard API was not updated since 2017 (5 years ago).

    epydoc → pydoctor

    The tool used to generate the HTML documentation is epydoc. The latest epydoc version was released in 2008 (14 years ago). This tool is no more available in Debian so I had to move to something else.

    The (new) tool to replace epydoc is pydoctor. It is actively maintained and generates nicer HTML pages.

    For example, nice changes are:

    Previous documentation


    The old (epydoc) documentation is still available online at

    New documentation


    The new API documentation is available at or from the project main documentation page

    I guess I could improve the documentation. Feel free to report issues or suggest improvements.